Tag Archives: Tips & Tricks

A .NET Interoperability Lesson: Mapping indexed properties to C/AL

Indexed properties are commonly used in C# because they allow a lot of syntactical flexibility, and make the code more readable, and easier to follow. Indexed properties are very similar to C/AL array indexing, except for two important differences:

  • In C/AL, indexer is always 1-based. In C#, indexers are 0-based.
  • In C/AL, indexer is always an integer. In C#, indexers can be any type.

These two examples show these differences:

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Trick: Instantiating any control in a Control Add-in

My two last blog posts tackled two aspects of working with control add-ins: making any property or method accessible to C/AL, and making any event accessible to C/AL The first was a simple trick, the second was a bit more complex. Together, these two tricks enable you to easily interact with whatever Windows Forms control the add-in shows: you can access any of inner control’s members – properties, methods, or events. At this stage, there is a very simple, but robust framework in place, which lets you publish any kind of control and make it fully available to C/AL. Cool.

But, couldn’t we make it a bit cooler? How about being able to instantiate any control, and having C/AL decide which control to instantiate, instead of hardcoding it in the C# code?

Yes, we can do this.

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Trick: Subscribing to any Control Add-in event through pure C/AL

So, it worked. I found just enough spare time to try out the crazy idea I mentioned in the last post. It’s about control add-ins and events. In the last post I gave a tip about exposing the actual control as a property decorated with ApplicationVisible, which allowed you to directly access all properties and methods of the control.

However, if you wanted to do the same with the events, you had no other option but to manually create an event handler for each event type, then to add an event handler for the actual event from the original control, and finally to raise the event on your control add-in from the event handler for the actual control. You lost me already, so did I Smile

This is what I am talking about. Imagine a button, and that you want to allow NAV to respond to its Click event. This is what you need to do:

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Might not seem too much, but consider that you must do this for every single event that you want to use, that it requires some rewrite-restart-redeploy-redesign-rebind workout to implement support for another event you forgot last time, and then it becomes an problem. Probably the ugliest part of it all is the fact that for C/SIDE to properly insert the new event triggers for an updated class, you have to unbind the Control Add-in, and then to re-bind it. This loses any C/AL code in previously existing triggers. Add to the equation the human error variable, which kind of readily pops up whenever manual code duplication is involved, and you’ll have a lot of happy hours fixing the mess and juggling dlls and C/AL code back and forth.

How about this. How about not having to add anything at all to your C# source code, and not having to redeploy anything, and then to support any event you want just through a single line of C/AL code?

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Yes. That’s what this blog post is about.

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Tip: Interacting with the actual .NET Control Add-in controls

The control add-in framework in NAV 2013 is great, because apart from allowing you to put a custom Windows Forms control on the page, it also allows you to interact with it through properties, methods, and events. In my classes I typically create a custom text box control that exposes a property to set the background color on the text box. It only takes adding a property of type Color, decorating it with the ApplicationVisible attribute, and you are ready to play.

However, if you want to enable setting all properties or invoking all of the methods the control supports, you could start wrapping the internal control into new ApplicationVisible properties and methods. There is no end to this.

Even though this is an incredibly simple concept, it just never crossed my mind: why not exposing the whole control as an ApplicationVisible property – this would in turn enable you to access the whole control, all its properties and methods (unfortunately, not the events – the delegates are still not supported in C/AL) without having to write a single additional line of code.

I give full credit here to my friend John who gave me thins hint. Thanks, John!

Here’s a practical example: you have a custom button control add-in that looks more or less like this:

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Why not appending this little piece of code (marked green):

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It costs nothing, but it allows you to do things like this:

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Or like this:

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Or, why not, like this:

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Even though the C/AL Symbol Menu will not give you access to any of the inner control directly, all the members are still there for you to access.

Again, as I said – you can’t subscribe to events. This is one of those limitations of .NET Interoperability I wrote about last year that I hope get sorted out at some point in future.

However Smile However… an idea has just crossed my mind and I’ll keep fingers crossed that I have enough time to try it out. If it works out, my next blog post will explain just that – subscribing to just about any event the inner control exposes.

.NET Tips & Tricks: Mediator Pattern (on steroids)

When I was writing my last post I had a distinct feeling that I was trampling over some boundaries of good NAV design. After all, you should not do stuff like that, NAV isn’t meant to do things like that, or at least that was how I felt.

And then two things happened.

First, I asked myself: what the heck, why not? What exactly is NAV meant to do, and why not things like that? If folks at Vedbæk didn’t provide an out-of-the-box solution for the problem, why should the problem stay unsolved?

Second, my dear friend and a fellow MVP, Hrvoje of Hudo’s Vibe, identified the thing as the mediator pattern. So, the thing I’ve done to NAV, civilized world has been doing to their programming environments for a long time.

And then I decided to take it all to a different level altogether, and expand the simple class which didn’t do much but raise events on itself when its method was called, into a full-scale framework. And here it is, the mediator pattern incarnated into a brand new Dispatcher class, adapted to NAV, and with features that make it truly flexible. I do not dare starting to think what are all the situations where you could put this thing to use in NAV.

Read on.

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